Allergy expert: What is hay fever worse – and how you treat

Since the middle of February are allergic to Pollen, pests. The high temperatures and low precipitation are to blame. However, there are other factors which influence how much a hay fever is pronounced: for example, the place of residence.

About twelve million people in Germany suffer from hay fever. The detected by the pollen information service. More than a Million of them, according to a study by the Robert Koch Institute for children and adolescents. And this year we went for the pollen-ridden from the beginning correctly.

The pollen season started early and strong, like Torsten Zuberbier of the Charité hospital in Berlin confirmed. High temperatures, lots of sun and little rain have taken care of in February.

“For trees and plants, the ideal growth is weather,” says Zuberbier, head of the Allergy impact research of the clinic for dermatology, venerology and Allergology at the Charité. Especially alder pollen reached high concentrations. The German Foundation for pollen information service speaks of the “rarely observed levels”, especially in Northern and Western Germany.

“Now the birch holes in the start,” says Zuber beer. If kittens are visible on the trees, is a sign that soon the Pollen fly.

Consequences of climate change, plaguing Allergy sufferers

For years, the time is for Allergy sufferers tend to become shorter and shorter, the Pollen more and more intense. Blame it on climate change. Since the spring of February this year, the plants bloom stick earlier, and the pollen-free Winter is over quicker. In addition, the season usually lasts longer.

Some plants produce more Pollen when there is more CO2 in the air, as Claudia Traidl-Hoffmann from the Institute for environmental medicine at the Helmholtz Zentrum München reported. Also environmental toxins such as ozone, particulate matter, or nitrogen oxides, to aggravate allergic reactions, because they change Traidl-Hoffman, Pollen, and more aggressive.

Pollution in cities is often higher

In cities Allergy sufferers, therefore, often worse off than in the country. Scientists at the Technical University and the Helmholtz centre in Munich confirmed in a study by way of example. They showed that the air in Munich, Germany contained more and more aggressive Pollen than the air in Davos and also showed that germs pollen seem to be more aggressive.

In addition to air pollutants, factors such as ground pollutants, asphalt sealing, and lack of nutrients are other stress is also suspected to bring plants in the city to produce more and more aggressive Pollen, it says it on the pages of pulmonary physicians in the network.

In addition, environmental toxins or pollutants such as cigarette smoke, can promote affect the respiratory system negatively, there cause inflammation, allergies or strengthen. A study of the GSF-national research center for environment and health near Munich shows, for example, in the mouse model: Inspired by the animals of a fine dust, before they were exposed to an Allergen, getting worse your allergic reaction.

Less Pollen in the mountains and on the coasts

While Allergy sufferers have to fight in the city often with more and more aggressive Pollen, are you in the mountains, above 2000 meters, and in coastal areas or Islands, for example, the North sea and the Baltic sea, often better.

How is an Allergy?

Thus an Allergy is ultimately caused, not until today is quite clear. As the factors that play a role, apply in addition to the above-mentioned air pollution, among other things, Hygiene, the genes or the Non-breast-feeding of babies.

Pollen is actually harmless, the sensitized immune system of Allergy sufferers switch, nevertheless, when in contact with the small, flying Allergy triggers on defense.

How do you recognize an Allergy?

An itchy, runny nose and reddened eyes. Of a cold differ, making beer, such as through the duration of A cold is not often abruptly, but remains as long as an Allergy. If the running nose and tingling and the symptoms for more than seven days to stop, this indicates an Allergy. Also the mucus in a cold, often yellowish, in the case of an Allergy to a colourless and watery.

How should you treat the Allergy?

Allergy sufferers should definitely do something, advises allergist making beer, because due to the Allergy, the performance can decrease, the risk increases to cause accidents.

A visit to the doctor is advisable. “There are now good drugs, over a long time well tolerated,” explains the making of beer. These so-called antihistamines ensure that the chemical messenger histamine, the typical Allergic reaction causes, is no longer distributed.

Antihistamines have the reputation of tired. This is today however, with all products in the case, says the allergist.

If the nose is clogged, advises making beer in addition to a corticosteroid therapy. Cortisone is an anti-inflammatory hormone that makes the adrenal cortex in the body. However, should the Allergy-ridden by the physician according to your symptoms with cortisone tablets or injections to treat, but with a cortisone nasal spray.

By simple measures can help Allergy sufferers, making beer, in addition, by attaching, for example, a pollen mesh on the window, saline nasal sprays or a nasal shower in the evening. Also Affected bedroom Windows should keep closed at night and clothes during the time of pollen flight is not out there hanging.